India is the world’s largest two-wheeler market, and naturally, Indians love their two-wheelers, as a most well-liked mode of non-public transport. During the last twenty years, the selection of a lot of India’s 1.three billion-strong inhabitants has been two-wheelers, for private mobility, leisure, and for leisure actions, and has prolonged to the premium and luxurious segments of bikes as nicely. From humble 100 cc commuter bikes, computerized scooters for the city runaround, to performance-oriented and extra purpose-built bikes, India is now the world’s two-wheeler hub, with total two-wheeler gross sales crossing 2 crore items for the primary time in 2017-18.
In actual fact, in 2017, India surpassed China to turn out to be the world’s largest two-wheeler market. To fulfill this rising demand, Indian two-wheeler producers have been continuously innovating and focussing on R&D, new expertise and manpower to ship world class merchandise, even within the smaller engine displacement segments. Over the previous few a long time, a few of India’s best-known authentic tools producers (OEMs) began from humble beginnings to turn out to be a number of the world’s largest success tales. From the world’s highest promoting motorbike, to the world’s largest two-wheeler producer by quantity, India has all of it. On this Independence Day, this is a take a look at the highest Indian two-wheeler manufacturers which have made immense contribution to place India on the worldwide map.
1. Hero MotoCorp
Hero MotoCorp is the world’s largest producer of two-wheelers, and began its operations as a three way partnership between the homegrown Hero Group and Honda Motor Firm in 1984. The three way partnership not solely created the world’s largest two-wheeler firm but in addition one of the vital profitable joint ventures worldwide. Initially beginning off with bikes below the Hero Honda model, the primary 100 cc four-stroke bikes of the 1980s turned extraordinarily well-liked for his or her gasoline financial system and low operating prices. Over a decade in the past, in 2010, Hero determined to terminate the three way partnership and by 2011, the Hero Honda identify was modified to Hero MotoCorp.
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Immediately, Hero MotoCorp sells almost eight.5 million two-wheelers on a median yearly, and exports its two-wheelers to a number of nations, not simply in South Asia, but in addition to Latin America, Africa and West Asia. n 2016, Hero MotoCorp fashioned the Hero MotoSports Group Rally by a strategic partnership between Hero MotoCorp and German off-road specialist Speedbrain GmbH. The Hero MotoSports Group Rally has gone on to take part in a number of worldwide rally raid championships together with the Dakar Rally, the place Hero completed at a formidable 12th place in its debut outing on the Dakar 2017.
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2. Bajaj Auto
One of many oldest two-wheeler producers in India, Bajaj Auto is now India’s largest exporter of bikes. Round 50 per cent of the corporate’s annual manufacturing from its three manufacturing services in India is for export markets. After India’s independence in 1947, Bajaj began out by promoting imported two and three-wheelers in India. By the 1960s, Bajaj established itself as a producer of scooters after acquiring a licence from Piaggio to fabricate Vespa scooters in India. Bajaj-branded scooters, primarily based on the Vespa, just like the Bajaj 150, Bajaj Tremendous and Bajaj Chetak, turned family names throughout the 1970s and ’80s and established Bajaj as India’s main two-wheeler producer.
In 1984, Bajaj entered into an alliance with Japan’s Kawasaki to launch the corporate’s first 100 cc two-stroke motorbike, known as the Kawasaki-Bajaj KB100, adopted by a number of fashions, up till the late 1990s below a technical help settlement with Kawasaki to increase manufacturing and gross sales of bike in India. Bajaj began producing bikes in 1986, and adjusted the corporate’s picture from simply being a scooter producer to a two-wheeler producer. By the flip of the century, the launch of the Pulsar vary of bikes within the early 2000s, established the Bajaj Pulsar model as a reputation to be reckoned with. The market response to the Bajaj Pulsar made Bajaj one of the vital profitable motorbike producers within the nation. Even at the moment, the Bajaj Pulsar 150 continues to be one of many largest promoting bikes within the 150 cc section. In 2019-20, Bajaj produced almost four million bikes, and virtually half of these had been for export markets.
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Bajaj Auto additionally owns 48 per cent in Pierer Mobility, the corporate that owns Austrian motorbike model KTM, Swedish model Husqvarna and GasGas. Whereas Bajaj has an entire line of bikes below the Platina, Uncover, Pulsar, Avenger and Dominar names, small capability single cylinder KTM bikes are additionally manufactured in Bajaj Auto’s plant in Pune, and exported to everywhere in the world. In 2020, the Husqvarna model additionally made its debut in India, with the made-in-India Svartpilen 250 and Vitpilen 250 bikes. In 2017, Bajaj Auto introduced a non-equity partnership with British motorbike model Triumph to fabricate small displacement bikes below the Triumph model identify to be bought in India and different rising markets. Bajaj Auto can be engaged on a variety of electrical two-wheelers, three-wheelers and quadricycles below a brand new vertical to be known as Bajaj Urbanite. The corporate has revived the Chetak identify with the primary electrical scooter below the Urbanite vertical.
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three. TVS Motor Firm
TVS is India’s third largest two-wheeler producer, and can be the second largest exporter of two-wheelers from India, exporting scooters and bikes to over 60 nations. TVS Motor Firm began out in 1978 as a producer of mopeds, and forayed into motorbike manufacturing with one of many first Indo-Japanese joint ventures in 1982 with Suzuki to kind the Ind-Suzuki model. The Ind-Suzuki AX100, produced in 1984, was the primary 100 cc two-stroke motorbike of the 1980s which began a revolution within the Indian motorbike market, adopted by iconic fashions from different manufacturers such because the Hero Honda CD100, Yamaha RX100 and Kawasaki-Bajaj KB100.
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TVS shared a 19-year-long partnership with Suzuki, below which bikes had been designed and manufactured particularly for the Indian market. The corporate was renamed TVS-Suzuki and produced a number of iconic fashions of the 1980s and 1990s. The Ind-Suzuki AX-100 was renamed the TVS-Suzuki AX-100 with an AX-100R variant in addition to TVS-Suzuki Supra. Throughout the 1990s, TVS dropped the prefix in its bikes and began manufacturing and promoting bikes just like the Suzuki Samurai, Suzuki Shogun and Suzuki Shaolin. In 2001, the partnership with Suzuki ended and the corporate was renamed as TVS Motor. Bikes such because the Suzuki Fiero continued to be manufactured and rebranded as TVS Fiero, after the corporate relinquished its rights to make use of the Suzuki identify.
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Immediately, TVS Motor Firm manufactures and sells a variety of two-wheelers together with scooters, and bikes within the 100 cc, 110 cc, 160 cc, 180 cc and 200 cc segments. TVS additionally has a joint collaboration settlement with German model BMW Motorrad below which TVS manufactures the BMW G 310 R and BMW G 310 GS bikes for India, and the remainder of the world. TVS additionally has its personal model of the 310 cc widespread platform below the model identify TVS Apache RR 310. The Apache collection of bikes is a well-liked sub-brand of TVS with a number of premium commuter bikes.
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In 2015, TVS Racing turned the primary Indian manufacturing unit rally workforce to take part within the Dakar Rally, and partnered with French motorbike producer Sherco to call the workforce Sherco TVS Rally Manufacturing unit Group. In 2020, TVS additionally acquired iconic British motorbike model Norton Bikes in an all-cash deal for GBP 16 million. Whereas Norton Bikes will proceed to be manufactured within the UK, the model may have entry to TVS Motor Firm’s world community.
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four. Royal Enfield
The Royal Enfield identify wants no introduction in India. Established as one of the vital well-known and iconic motorbike manufacturers in India, Royal Enfield additionally takes satisfaction in being the oldest motorbike model on the earth in steady manufacturing. Established in 1901 as a British motorbike model, Royal Enfield was first launched in India in 1955, when the unique British-origin model partnered with Madras Motors in India to kind Enfield India, to assemble the Royal Enfield Bullet 350 in Chennai. By 1962, Madras Motors began making all of the parts of the Royal Enfield Bullet 350 in India. Whereas the unique Royal Enfield manufacturing unit in Redditch shut store in 1967, with the corporate lastly dissolved in 1971, Enfield India continued making the Bullet and started branding the bikes Royal Enfield. By the 1990s, Royal Enfield collaborated with the Eicher Group and merged with it in 1994. All through the 1980s and ’90s, Royal Enfield managed to carve a distinct segment for itself with the 350 cc Bullet, regardless of stiff competitors from the 100 cc two-stroke onslaught throughout the 1980s and ’90s from the Indo-Jap collaborations.
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By the late 1990s and into the 2000s, Royal Enfield began making a number of modifications within the expertise of the bikes, introducing newer, extra environment friendly engines. The primary of those was in technical collaboration with Austria’s AVL, creating the aluminium AVL 350, and AVL 500 cc engines, after which in direction of the latter half of the 2000s, Royal Enfield launched the indigenously developed unit building engine (UCE), which noticed an built-in gearbox inside the engine. Until now, the gearbox was a separate unit exterior the engine casing, even within the AVL engines. With a shift from the normal proper hand aspect gear shifter to a extra standard left hand aspect shifter, and a rising group of Royal Enfield riders, propelled the model ahead with exponential progress numbers throughout the 2010-2015.
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Over the previous few years, Royal Enfield has damaged all earlier gross sales information of the corporate, and now sells between 60,000 and 70,000 bikes a month. The corporate presently sells bikes in additional than 50 nations, together with the UK, US, Brazil, Indonesia and Thailand. Royal Enfield has established a brand new Expertise Centre within the UK, the place the corporate unveiled the model new 650 cc, twin-cylinder engine which can energy the following technology of Royal Enfield bikes.
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The brand new Royal Enfield 650 Twins, the Royal Enfield Interceptor 650, and the Royal Enfield Continental GT 650, at the moment kind the corporate’s first world push, and aspirations to make Royal Enfield a worldwide chief within the mid-size motorbike market. Royal Enfield is now poised for the following chapter within the firm’s progress with a line of latest fashions, that are anticipated to be technologically superior, and in addition change the ageing UCE platform, though the Bullet fashions will seemingly proceed, no less than for a couple of extra years. From being a British motorbike model, to one of the vital worthwhile Indian motorbike manufacturers, Royal Enfield definitely takes satisfaction of place as being one of the vital celebrated success tales within the Indian motorbike trade.
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